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The Context
The Context
Over the last few decades cities have globally emerged as the dominant form of human settlement. India being no exception is part of the global trend. A provisional population total of Census 2011 is 1210 million. In absolute term the population of India has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011. This addition of population during the last decade is slightly lower than the population of Brazil, the fifth most populous country in the world.

Concentration of economic, social, and political activities in cities has made it a magnet for rich as well as poor households.
About Us
Agglomeration economies and economic opportunities prevalent in large urban centers have led to migration from rural areas and small towns. Better access to paying jobs, education and health care has made cities a ‘destination of choice.’  However, economic development and social progress hides the essential dichotomy and disparities between ‘rich’ and ‘poor’ that exists in most cities in the country. Rural migrant to city gradually discovers that the housing, jobs, incomes and amenities that had ‘pulled’ them to the city are not easily available or are inaccessible. They also start realizing that existing urban management system does not help them in realizing the ‘dream’ they aspired for. In cities almost 30 to 75 percent of the population work and live in squatter settlements with the few informal resources that are accessible to them. They are surrounded with environmental degradation, social pathology and insecurity. However, their contribution to the national GDP is commendable.

Office

The Registered office of the Society shall remain at Bhopal, Tehsil Hazur, District Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh (MP) India.
Nature

The Society is a non-profit organization devoted to furtherance of the causes of education, training, research, development and public policy analysis for effective and efficient urban governance and management.
Area

All India and extending over the territory of the Republic of India.

Urbanization – An Opportunity

Opportunity
A number of factors, quite complex in nature, contribute to the aberrations brought by urbanization. The problems of housing, and shelter, basic urban infrastructure, credit, land and in other spheres of urban governance and municipal management are consequences of inadequate weak local resource base, ineffective institutional structures, weak legislation and their implementation, lack of adequate trained man power etc. These maladies are also due to lack of proper recruitment, staffing, out-dated organizational structure and lack of systematic human resource development plan in urban local self-government institutions that now have semblance of the third tier of government.

Despite of challenges posed by urban, urbanism and urbanization, it also offers significant opportunities to accelerate economic growth and improve the overall quality of life for its citizens.

Currently, the institutional mechanisms in urban sector at national level to undertake comprehensive initiative to invigorate and reform the urban sector are quite weak. There is need to strengthen the public service elements in ULBs and to make them more professional and accountable. Adoption of modern accounting systems, improved practices of budgeting and planning, effective use of wards committees and other means of peoples’ participation, and programmes, and promoting synergy amongst various wings of urban governance is the need of the hour. It would need a two-pronged approach to revitalize urban sector and its actors;
  • To build capacity for making the urban managers and institutions more responsive and accountable.
  • Secondly to empower the citizens to create sustained pressure for change.
NIGUM - A Strategy to Steer Urbanization
“National Institute” for urban sector in Bhopal MP can play a catalytic role in the urban decentralization and governance in UP, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan. The accumulated experience of urban reforms to date will provide a strategic platform for experience sharing across participating States. The overall goal of the urban development policy is making city livable through sustainable inclusive development, poverty reduction, streamlining service delivery on the “Rights Based Approach” etc. through informed and reformed municipal governance.
 
       
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